Learn some Korean vocabulary for Taekwondo techniques from AcademicTaekwondo.com
BASIC KOREAN TERMINOLOGY
OPEN AND CLOSE OF CLASS
|Kuki aye||face the national flags|
|Kyung yet||salute (hand over the heart to the flags)|
|Sabom-nim aye||face the instructor|
|Kyung yet||salute (bow to instructor)|
NOTE: Now days it is customary in Korea to salute the flags with the hand to the heart and to salute the instructor with a bow.
COUNTING - Korean version
- dah sawt
- yaw sawt
- yaw dawl
- ah hope
COUNTING - Chinese version
|Tae kwon do||foot hand way||kicking and striking with the hand and foot|
|Kong Soo Do||empty hand way||old style of Taekwondo|
|Hap ki do||unity energy way||joint locks and takedowns, with some striking|
|Yudo (Judo)||gentle way||throws and ground fighting|
|Sim Mu Do||heart martial way||a blend of all of the above|
|Kyung yet||salute - bow to instructor, or hand over art to the flag|
KongSooDo Style Color Belt Forms:
- Kibon Hyung (basic form, 1-5 forms)
- Pyung Ahn (peaceful mind, 1-5 forms)
- Chulgi (iron horse, 1-2 forms)
|Do jang||training hall|
|Chae yook kwan||fitness center (common term for martial arts school in Korea)|
|Dobok||uniform: do-way bok-clothing|
|Gup||grade (for white and colored belt students)|
|Dan||rank (for black belt holder)|
|Deh Han Min Kook||Republic of Korea. This is usually shortened to “Deh Han” which means the same.|
|Hyup Hae||association (often shortened to Hae)|
Below is a listing of several Korean martial arts associations with similar titles:
|Deh Han Simmudo Hyup Hae||Korea Simmudo Association|
|Deh Han Taekwondo Hyup Hae||Korea Taekwondo Association|
|Deh Han Hapkido Hyup Hae||Korean Hapkido Federation|
|Deh Han KyukTooKi Hyup Hae||Korea KyukTooKi Association|
|Deh Han Yudo Hyup Hae||Korea Yudo Association|
Some people may be led to believe that the term "KwanJangNim" means grandmaster. In some martial arts circles today this title is used with such reverence as to keep us in awe of the great and almighty "KwanJangNim".
If you take a close look at the Korean language you’ll find the following information to be true:
Kwan is actually a suffix of the term “chae yook kwan” a common term in Korea used now days for "dojang".
Chae yook means fitness athletic training, physical education, or Chae yook kwan means fitness or athletic center.
Kwan is also the suffix of "toh suh kwan" meaning library, "pang muhl kwan" meaning museum, or "mee sul kwan" meaning fine art museum.
Jang means director with nim as a common respectful suffix. Therefore, kwan jang can be the title for the director of a library, a museum, an art center, as well as the owner of a martial art school (with "nim" added for appropriate referral of respect).
The idea that "kwanjang-nim" means master or grandmaster most likely comes from a common standard among martial artists in Korea. That standard is to own a martial arts school one must be a 4th Dan black belt and is then called a "kwanjang-nim". The assumption is that kwanjang-nim means master, when it truely means the owner/director of a martial arts school commonly referred to as a chae yook kwans (fitness center).
Without owning a martial arts school, a 4th Dan and above would be referred to as a "sabom-nim". This is a title given to someone who is a qualified instructor of a particular subject of study that is usually sports related.
|Sabom-nim:||martial arts instructor (in Korea 4th Dan and above)
|Kwan jang-nim:||owner of a martial arts school
|Chong kwan jang:||means the head or chief Kwan jang.|
|Hae jang-nim:||president or head of an association
|Suseung-nim:||This is the actual Korean term for a student's master. This term is used only on a student to instructor level. It refers not to the ownership of a martial arts school, but to the student / instructor relationship.|
|Taekwondo-in:||Taekwondo(ist) practitioner of TKD|
|Hapkido-in:||Hapkido(ist) practitioner of HKD|
|Yudanja-nim:||black belt holder|
|How are you? Are you at peace? (casual)||Ahn young ha say yo?|
|How are you? Are you at peace? (formal)||Ahn young ha shim nee kkah?|
|I'm pleased to meet you||Pan gahp sum ni da.|
|Yes (either one is correct)||Ney or Yey|
|No||Ah nee yo|
|I am "name"||Chaw nun "name" im ni da.|
|Thank you.||Kam sa ham ni da.|
|You are welcome.||Chon man ney yo.|
|I'll see you again.||Ta shi man ah yo.|
|Good bye (to the person staying)||Ahn young hee gay ship shi yo.|
|Good bye (to the person leaving)||Ahn young hee gah ship shi yo.|